[Models, History, and Price] Nelco Sewing Machine Update 06/2022

This is how Leon Jolson found his way into the sewing machine half of fame. Using Walmart, he built a distribution network that made sewing machines more accessible to the general public. You may learn more about the history and value of Nelco sewing machines here!

Leon Jolson marketed a successful line of Japanese-made low-cost sewing machines under the name “Nelco,” which he trademarked. Elna and Necchi, two of the most well-known sewing machine manufacturers, inspired him to name and construct his own sewing machine. Nelco sewing machines were in production from the 1950s until the 1990s when the company stopped manufacturing them.

The story of Leon Jolson’s problematic company is told in this article. You’ll find out how much Nelco sewing machines cost and how much they’re worth. After all that, you’ll learn how to operate a classic Nelco machine!


History of Nelco Sewing Machines

From the 1950s to the 1990s, Leon Jolson manufactured and sold Nelco sewing machines. Innovative, if often unlawful, business practices were employed by him in order to make high-quality sewing machines available to the general population at a reasonable cost. He had such an impact on the sewing industry that the Vacuum and Sewing Machine Hall of Fame inducted him posthumously!

Starting with Leon Jolson’s story is essential to understanding Nelco sewing machines. In 1912, he moved to Poland to work in his family’s sewing shop. By the time he was 25, he was working for the Italian sewing machine maker Necchi as a sales representative.

He soon rose to the top of the sales charts for this prominent sewing machine manufacturer throughout Eastern Europe! Necchi appears to have elevated him to a position of prominence, and he has collaborated with designers to develop new features for next sewing machine models.

Poland was attacked by Germany in September of 1939. Jolson was kidnapped and sent to a concentration camp after spending years in the Jewish ghettos of Warsaw. He managed a brief escape and made it back to Warsaw to be with his wife.

He and his wife were captured by the Nazis again again, but they managed to flee and hide out with a kind farmer until the end of the war.

Jolson never returned to Necchi after the war, and no one knows why. Possibly anti-Jewish sentiment lingerie in the Italian-owned company, or maybe Jolson wanted a safer home for his family after the terror of the Nazi occupation. At any rate, what you can find out is that Leon Jolson moved his family to New York City in 1947.

It’s not clear why Jolson didn’t return to Necchi following the war. Either the Italian-owned corporation had anti-Jewish sentiments, or Jolson sought a better place for his family to live after the horrors of Nazi occupation. At any rate, what you can find out is that Leon Jolson moved his family to New York City in 1947.

Nobody knows why Jolson never returned to Necchi after the war. After surviving Nazi occupation with his family, it’s possible that Jolson wanted a more secure place for his family to live. However, you can learn that Leon Jolson moved to New York City in 1947 with his family.

But, after all he’d been through, Jolson refused to give up despite the refusal. As an alternative, he made the trip to Italy and met with Vittorio Necchi in person there. An initial set of sewing machines from Necchi was sent to the United States for testing.

Jolson had more than 10,000 American sales lined up in a matter of minutes! Because of this, Necchi realized that the American market was worth pursuing. To build on his success with Necchi sewing machines, Jolson convinced another European sewing machine maker to allow him to start American sales for Elna, as well.

Necchi and Elna sales generated more than $25 million a year for Jolson’s American import and sales division in early 1950s!

To this point, Leon Jolson appears to be a role model, having overcome considerable adversity to succeed as an American businessman. However, things get a little more complicated here.

Sewing machine manufacturer Jolson introduced his own line of “Nelco” machines in the mid-1950s. He took advantage of the post-war sewing machine industry in Japan by having the machines built at a number of different plants.

Many corporations in Europe and the United States at the time viewed the Japanese sewing machine sector as a brash newcomer with poor quality products. Jolson was unconvinced. He hoped that by producing sewing machines at a lower cost, they would become more widely available to those who could not afford the more expensive European brands.

Necchi and Elna machines influenced the decorative European aesthetic of Nelco machines. Jolson, on the other hand, who had already established a strong foothold in the US market, concentrated his efforts on making them widely available. With the help of firms like JC Penney and Walmart, Nelco devices could be easily purchased by anyone.

In a matter of months, Nelco sewing machines had taken over a quarter of the market in the United States!

But here’s the thing: Jolson had built models that were plainly a ripoff of Necchi’s. Even the brand names Necchi and Elna are evoked by the term Nelco. Necchi’s design characteristics were developed by Jolson, who may have felt a sense of ownership over them, but he employed proprietary technology to produce these knock-off Nelco versions.

Many Nelco models were referred to as Necchi and Elna products by him. Jolson was frequently featured in marketing materials as having worked with Necchi in the past. Nelco machines appeared to be Necchi machines thanks to him!

Are Nelco Sewing Machines Still Sold Today?

Understandably, both Necchi and Elna sued Jolson. Lawsuits continued on from the 1960s far into the 1980s. Though Jolson fought and lost several lawsuits, he did continue to sell Nelco models at least into the 1990s.

Both Necchi and Elna sued Jolson, so it was only natural. For decades, there were a number of lawsuits that lasted into the 1980s. It’s safe to say that Jolson sold Nelco models well into the 1990s, despite his mixed record of success and failure in court.

However important he was to American sewing machine development, Leon Jolson’s legacy is still a mystery to this day!

Nelco Sewing Machine Models

If you’re looking for information regarding Nelco sewing machines, you’re going to have a hard time finding it! As a result, there are no official records of the company’s pricing or features, thus you are forced to rely on the information provided by internet merchants.

Visit online sewing forums or chat groups to learn more about a specific Nelco model. Occasionally, a sewer with the same model as you will offer advice on how to get the most out of it!

Your Nelco machine’s model and serial numbers will reveal a lot about its history. While the model number identifies the machine’s overall lineage, its unique serial number is the only way to tell it apart from other machines.

Nelco Model or Serial NumberYear Manufactured
Model A-4-2Mid 1950s
Lyra J-A381962-late 1960s
Lyra R-10001960s
DeLuxe 2311Late 1960s
DeLuxe SZ 217Late 1960s-1970s
R-2000Late 1960s
Golden Stitch SZA 525Late 1960s
Golden Stitch 69151970s
344-CLate 1960s
F-600Early 1970s
Ultra 5102A1970s
Ultra 5102FJLater 1970s
Nelco Prima VeraUnknown
Nelco Supernova JuliaUnknown

The model number is normally etched into a small metal plate. This plate can be found near the machine’s power cable on the side, or it may be stamped into the machine’s bottom with the serial number. Serial numbers beginning with the letters “JC” on the Nelco model show that Toyota in Japan manufactured the vehicle. Simply put, the letters “JA” indicate that the model was built in Japan.

Vintage Nelco Sewing Machine

Sewing machine enthusiasts are still eager to buy Nelco’s model A-4-2 and the Deluxe Zig Zag variants. Unfortunately, you will not find a comprehensive list of all Nelco models anywhere. These records may have been destroyed along with the company itself when it mysteriously went out of operation.

Model A-4-2

Types such as the A-4-2 and Deluxe Zig Zagg models from Nelco continue to be sought after by today’s sewing machine enthusiasts. A complete list of Nelco models is not available anywhere. This information on the company may have vanished along with the business itself, for whatever reason.

Adjustable feed dogs, like on many Nelco models, give it the look of a high-end European sewing machine. A basic class 15 bobbin is used, as well as the ability to sew backward.

Lyra J-A38

With its strong internal motor, the Lyra J-A38 can sew through thick materials like canvas. This variant, from the 1960s, has a chrome and metal finish that is a little boxier in shape.

This heavy-duty model, complete with its original cabinet and knee controls, is occasionally available for sale.

Lyra R-1000 and R-2000

Vintage 1960s models sometimes sell for under $50 today, but at the time, they offered an ideal combination of elegant casings in the European style and cheap, strong Japanese construction. A typical metallic case with chrome highlights and ornamentation from the 1960s is on display here. The R-2000 can come in a gorgeous metallic pink with chrome embellishments on occasion!

Golden Stitch Series

Around the 1960s, the Golden Stitch line of dolls was popular. Few knobs and settings were available, but they featured simple automated zigzag settings that were easy to set up. Cream and gold with gold accents were the most common colors.

Nelco DeLuxe

One of Nelco’s most popular models was the Deluxe model with automatic zigzag stitching. It’s difficult to pinpoint exactly when each of these machines went on sale, but it’s believed that they were available from the 1960s through the 1970s.

Deluxe versions of the 2311 and SZ 217 can be found.

There are many embroidery options for the latter 1970s versions with their boxy, creamy exteriors. Quilting is made even easier with a few of these handy add-ons!

Nelco Primavera and Supernova

The Primavera and Supernova models that Nelco sold had names that were direct ripoffs of well-known Elna and Necchi models at the time, and this put them into a lot of difficulty. Few (if any) of these models are still in existence today, although you can occasionally locate one on Etsy!

In the 1960s, there were lawsuits filed alleging that these models were sold, however there are no records to support this.

Nelco Sewing Machine

Nelco Sewing Machine in Cabinet

There are both advantages and disadvantages to finding a Nelco sewing machine in a cupboard. If you’re lucky, you might obtain a model with knee controls! Only the most expensive machines, such as Berninas, typically include this feature.

If you want to sell your machine, Nelco cabinets won’t make it any more valuable because they don’t have any worth on their own. This hefty Nelco machine can be safely stored inside the cabinet as long as the condition of the cabinet is sound.

The cabinet for a Nelco should have a smooth, shining wooden surface if you decide to buy one. Buying a cabinet with scratches and chipping or rusty knee controls is not recommended.

Are Nelco Sewing Machines Good?

It’s generally accepted that antique Nelco sewing machines are reliable and easy to operate. Despite having fewer features, Neclo models often resemble the sleek, elegant Necchi models they aped. In addition to high-quality Japanese manufacturing, most Nelco machines also have solid metal elements.

Nelcos in good condition actually stitch very softly, unlike many all-metal sewing machines.

Because of the heavy metal within, older models from the 1970s and before sometimes weigh a lot! As with most mid-century sewing machines, this is true. It also has a wonderful heavy-duty capacity to sew through most sorts of material.

There are some Nelcos that have continuous tension concerns as well, depending on the model.

When shopping for later Nelco models, you’ll want to use caution because they are likely to have aluminum or plastic frames and may have some plastic parts.

There is a lot of disagreement among modern sewers over the quality of Japanese sewing machines from the 1950s and 60s. Some sewers swear by them and continue to use them for decades without any problems at all. These “knock-off” models, according to some, lack the grace and complexity of European brands.

Nelco Sewing Machine Value

Even though Nelco sewing machines had a tremendous impact on the American market, they have faded into obscurity and now sell for less than $100! Some Nelco models go for as much as $400 on eBay, but they’re more often found for much under $100. In fact, Nelco models may be found for as cheap as $15 on eBay.

There are a number of probable explanations for this lack of monetary worth. In the first place, Nelco did not become a sought-after collector’s item like many Singer or Bernina machines. The price of every antique or vintage item is determined by the market.

Second, Leon Jolson outsourced the production of Nelco models to Japan rather than producing them himself. Rather than seeing mid-century Japanese sewing machines as something unique or distinctive, collectors tend to see them as generic and mass-produced.

There is little doubt that Nelco sewing machines are still useful instruments, even if their resale value is low.

Nelco Sewing Machine for Sale

Sewing machines made by Nelco can be found on eBay, Etsy, and Amazon. During the 20th century, the American people bought hundreds of thousands of these vintage devices. To put it another way, it’s likely that you’ll have no trouble locating models for sale at yard sale or estate sale today!

If you’re looking to buy a secondhand Nelco sewing machine, be sure to follow these general rules.

It’s best to plug the machine in while you’re there if you can. Ensure that it is turned on and running! Ask the seller to send you a video showing how well the machine sews through heavy cloth if you live far away from them.

If you’d rather buy from an online auction site like eBay, be sure to thoroughly review the product description. If a machine is no longer operational, it is important for sellers to disclose this fact.

To get a vintage Nelco to purr again, you’ll probably need to give it some tender loving care. When not used for an extended period of time, sewing machines made of all metal require extra care in terms of oiling and cleaning to prevent gum buildup and freezing.

Nelco Sewing Machine Parts

Despite the fact that Nelco is no longer in business, you can still easily locate sewing machine parts for it. Consider selling on eBay or Etsy, getting in touch with a vintage sewing machine repair shop, or even visiting a site like this one that sells only sewing machine parts.

In the case of Nelco needle plates, thread tension assemblies, race cover assemblies with screws, and even cam assemblies for models that use cams for fancy stitches, a short search on eBay will provide a large number of results.

It’s difficult to find Nelco manuals or instructions on how to do repairs if you decide to do it yourself.

Nelco Sewing Machine Manual PDF

Downloading a handbook or PDF for a Nelco sewing machine can be difficult to come across. Due to the fact that Nelco is no longer in business, you cannot contact their customer care. On top of that, Nelco machines aren’t as well known as a brand like Singer, thus there isn’t as much demand for the manuals.

What’s the best way to find a manual? Sewing chats and forums are popular places for sewing aficionados to share digital guides. You can always post a question on a forum and get answers from other members!

Old manuals can also be found on eBay and Etsy from time to time. In addition, sites like this one sell Nelco manuals for as little as $10.

Many Nelco sewing machines from the 1950s and 1960s have basic controls and a retro aesthetic. At the very least, this simplifies the process of becoming familiar with how to use them.

The manual for your individual model is essential to learn how to oil, thread, and set up your machine properly.

How Do You Use a Nelco Sewing Machine?

A vintage Nelco sewing machine can be used for a wide range of sewing and quilting projects. These powerful machines have the advantage of being able to stitch through almost anything!

YouTube is an excellent resource for learning how to get the most out of your Nelco equipment. Plugin the model number of your sewing machine, and you’ll be all set!

If you don’t know how to thread your sewing machine, go to the handbook. However, most Nelco models have a straightforward thread path.

  1. For your own safety, unplug your device.
  2. Raise the needle by turning the handwheel in the direction you’re facing. While doing this, you’ll notice the sewing machine’s thread grab lever lift up from the sewing machine’s arm.
  3. Thread the spool pin with a spool of thread Instead of the horizontal pins you see on modern machines, many Nelco models had vertical spool pins. To keep the thread in place, insert a felt circle under the spool.
  4. Once you’ve done so, follow the instructions provided in the thread itself. Using the metal loops and hooks, as well as the numbered sequence provided in the instructions, you can easily follow the thread as it wraps down near the needle.
  5. The needle should be threaded from left to right, starting from the bottom.

What is the Most Reliable Brand of Sewing Machine?

In today’s market, there isn’t a single “most trustworthy” or “best” sewing machine to choose from. Even so, Singer, Brother, Berina, Pfaff, and Janome are just a few of the most well-known and dependable sewing machine manufacturers out there.

Since the 1800s, many of these sewing machine firms have been offering consistently high-quality machines to the sewing community, earning them a great deal of respect.

Unfortunately, Nelco was left off the list because it sold knockoffs rather than authentic models. The reliability of the machinery made by Nelco is well-known, and for good reason.

Nelco Sewing Machine Review

The history of Nelco sewing machines is a bit shady, given that they are Japanese-made yet sold under a disputed American brand name. They aren’t worth much money, and there isn’t much of a demand for them among collectors either.

Still, these machines are a significant part of the history of the American sewing machine. They made high-quality sewing machines available to everyone at a reasonable price. Sewers now regard them as reliable workhorses.

Is your ideal sewing machine a Nelco model? There are several variables to consider. A current sewing machine brand should be your first choice if you want to use computer-programmed quilting or complex embroidery stitches.

The Nelco machine, on the other hand, focuses on many of the best aspects of vintage sewing machines! A wide range of elegant metal and chrome Nelco models are available. They’re made entirely of metal and are of consistently high-quality thanks to Japanese craftsmanship. They can last a long time if they are properly maintained and cleaned!


Leon Jolson drew on his previous expertise working for Necchi to create the Nelco brand of sewing machines. Even though Jolson was sued numerous times for exploiting the Necchi and Elna sewing machine designs, he was so successful that Nelco sewing machines accounted for a quarter of all sewing machine sales in the United States at one point in time.

Vintage Nelco sewing machines have a solid reputation for long-term dependability and quality craftsmanship in the sewing industry. They’re very inexpensive, but they’re made of sturdy metal and run quietly and smoothly.

When was the last time you saw a vintage Nelco? What drew you to it, specifically? Let us know what you think in the comments section below!

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